Symposium international « International Symposium on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilisations: Evolution of Technologies from Prehistory to Modern Times » 11-13/09/2019 en Jordanie

Symposium international « International Symposium on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilisations: Evolution of Technologies from Prehistory to Modern Times » 11-13/09/2019 en Jordanie

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International Water Association, University of Jordan et Water Utility of Amman organisent le 5th IWA International Symposium on Water and Wastewater Technologies in Ancient Civilisations: Evolution of Technologies from Prehistory to Modern Times 

L’événement se tiendra du 11 au 13 septembre 2019 en Jordanie à Dead Sea.

Résumé:
Jordan is a resource-starved, middle-income country with insufficient supplies of water, oil and other natural resources. The country is classified as being a semi-arid to arid region with annual rainfall of less than 200 mm over 92% of the land. Jordan’s annual renewable resources of less than 100m3/inh. are far below the global threshold of severe water scarcity of 500m3/inh. Reports and studies indicated that none of the kingdoms, or cities had historically been established or had survived, except when an adequate and continuous water source was available. Those are still well visible in areas such as Pella (Tabakat Fahl), Gadara (Um Qais), Gerasa (Jarash), Petra, Philadelphia (Ammon or Amman) and many others with less spectacular remains. They were only to be established and in part continue existing because of the availability and wise use of water. Due to accelerated development and continuous fluxes of refugees (Palestine, Sria, Iraq, Libya…etc). The groundwater resources of the country are overexploited at a rate of around 300 MCM/year. Some groundwater basins like Jafr and Dhuleil were depleted in the seventies and eighties. Others like Azraq, Mujib, Yarmouk, Disi and Agib are showing strong signs of depletion, such as declining groundwater levels and increasing salinity. If the present overexploitation continues at the same rate, these groundwater resources are expected to be exhausted within the coming two to three decades. Therefore, such an event will play a vital role in gathering experts from different countries to share their experiences in such circumstances, and provide solutions from their own experiences to the participants from developing countries who have the same water issues as in Jordan.

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