Water, adaptation and resilience – A meta-review of promising interventions and core principles
Special issue in Water Security https://www.journals.elsevier.com/water-security
Guest Co-Eds: Aditi Mukherji, IWMI and Martina Angela Caretta, West Virginia University
The literature on climate change adaptation in the water sector is vast and often comprised of numerous case studies which are grounded on rich, original data, but often fail to a) rigorously identify which processes of climate change or extreme conditions/ events are the drivers (i.e., adaptation to what), or b) present encompassing and generalized assessments of the “success” of those adaptation measures. Thus, explicit definition of the criteria for “success” (qualitative and quantitative criteria) is necessary. A rational approach would be to look at both the extreme regimes experienced in the past, decadal prediction and then century -cale scenarios in designing short and long term adaptation strategies, including, for example, migration.
In order to advance societal understanding and policy-making of desirable and effective adaptation interventions in the water sector, meta- analyses are urgently needed. The focus of this meta-review will be to identify and assess the factors (hydro-meteorological information, technical, economic, financial, social, institutional, governance, etc.) that help or impede the success of adaptation interventions.
This special issue will include meta-reviews of water-related adaptation interventions in the various water use sub-sectors and, as appropriate, it will consider case-study analysis, specifically related to:
- Drinking water at a range of scales
- Water, sanitation, and health (WASH)
- Agricultural water management (including rainfed as well as irrigated agriculture)
- Urban and municipal water management, including green infrastructure, water reuse
- Groundwater (in agriculture, or urban contexts)
- Systems approaches including IWRM, IRBM, and WEF Nexus
- Water for ecosystems
- Water-induced disasters
- Water for energy and industry
Each meta-analysis will be rigorous and based on 30 to 50 existing scientific peer reviewed articles of case studies related to the specific topics (or water use sub-sectors) outlined above. The case studies for meta-review are recent and preferably, published after 2014. Meta-reviews are rigorous and follow some of the basic principles of systematic review, such as clearly laid out inclusion and exclusion criteria; clear description of quantitative or qualitiative metrics of success against which all case studies can be coded, compared and synthesized; and explicit enunciation of assumptions such as weight given to various indicators; cross-check of subjective scores assigned to indicators by multiple authors; and clear description of meta-review methology deployed by the authors. While causal analysis is preferred, we realise that the nature of the primary case studies may not always be amenable to causal reviews; hence, reviews that are not strictly causal are also welcome. Meta-reviews can be either global (that is, include case studies on one of the topics mentioned above, from all parts of the globe); or regional (focus on a sub-sector above, but for only one or two selected regions of the world).
We invite 500-word abstracts by July 14th, 2019 (12:00 midnight, GMT).
Abstracts should include the following information:
- Author team (multiple authors teams are preferred), listing primary affiliation for all authors, and contact information of the corresponding author
- Water use sub-sector to be covered in the review (see above); plus, whether it intends to be a global or a regional meta-review.
- Methodology (abstracts will be selected based on the strength of the meta-review methodology).
- Indicative findings, including distillation of “core” principles that help or impede “successful” adaptation intervention, including how that success is defined and measured.
Submit your abstract to Aditi Mukherji firstname.lastname@example.org and Martina A Caretta email@example.com no later than 14th of July, 2019 (12:00 mighnight GMT) (or alternatively to Water Security Editorial Manager Alison Langestraat A.Langestraat@elsevier.com).
Manuscripts will be max 5000 words long (excluding references). We are looking for 8 to 12 papers. Authors will be informed by 31st of July if their abstracts are accepted and then, they will have until Dec. 15, 2019 to submit the full manuscript, which will be subjected to standard peer review procedures. The special issue would be scheduled for publication by May 31, 2020.